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零失业率并不是一件好事

  • 来源:互联网
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  • 2020-01-12
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While on the surface it appears that a 0% unemployment rate would be terrific for the citizens of a country, having a small amount of unemployment is actually desirable.从表面上看,零失业率对一个国家的公民来说应该是好到爆了,然而实际上保留一个小幅的失业率才是好事。

To understand why we need to look at the three types (or causes) of unemployment.要弄明白为什么,我们首先得来看看失业的三种形式。(或者说三种成因)

Cyclical Unemployment is defined as occurring "when the unemployment rate moves in the opposite direction as the GDP growth rate. So when GDP growth is small (or negative) unemployment is high." When the economy goes into recession and workers are laid off, we have cyclical unemployment.周期性失业的定义是:失业率与GDP的增速呈负相关的关系。也就是说,当GDP增长率很小(或者为负)的时候,失业率会很高。当一个经济体进入衰退期,工人开始失业的时候,我们就遭遇了周期性失业。

Cyclical unemployment occurs when an economy's output deviates from potential GDP- i.e. the long-term trend level of output in an economy.
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