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你每天买买买的时候交了多少隐形的税?

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  • 2020-03-25
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Taxes are obviously necessary in order for a society to provide public goods and services to its citizens. Unfortunately, taxes also impose costs on citizens both directly (because if an individual gives money to the government, she doesn't have the money any longer) and indirectly (because taxes introduce inefficiency or deadweight loss) into markets.为了社会能够向公民提供公共产品和服务,税收显然是必要的。不幸的是,税收也直接(因为如果一个人把钱给政府,她就不再拥有这笔钱了)或间接(因为税收导致低效率或无谓的损失)地强制公民将资本投入市场。

Because the inefficiency that taxes introduce grows more than proportional to the amount of a tax, it makes sense for the government to structure taxes so that a lot of markets get taxed a little bit rather than so that a few markets get taxed a lot.因为税收带来的低效率增长超过了税收的比例,所以政府要合理地安排税收结构,在多个市场少量征税,而不是在少数市场大量征税。

Therefore, a number of different taxes exist, and they can be categorized in a number of ways. Let's take a look at some of the common tax breakdowns.因此,存在许多不同的税种,它们可以按照多种方式进行分类。让我们来看看一些常见的税收细目。

Income Taxes
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